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The United Nations Environment Programme/Mediterranean Action Plan (UNEP/MAP).

Adopted in 1976 in Barcelona, MAP was the first UNEP's regional Sea Convention. This Barcelona convention and its 6 Protocols constitute legally binding instruments.

The MAP was originally a framework for common actions (preparation of regional and national policies, capacity building and technical assistance) needed by the Mediterranean Countries to combat the pollution of the Mediterranean Sea itself (see MAP Phase I).

In 1995, the Barcelona conventions was extensively ammended to give a sustainable development focus and to deal with costal area as well (see MAP Phase II). Indeed activities carried out between 1976 and 1995 confirmed that socio-economic trends, combined with inadequate development planning and management are the root of most environmental problems. Estimates showed that up to 80 per cent of marine pollution was originated by land-based activities.

5th Mediterranean Water Forum


Folder Actors
Folder Objectives
Folder Protocols
Folder Documents
Folder MDGs
Folder MSSD
File MAP PHASE I, Barcelona convention 1976 Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution
File MAP Phase II, 1995 Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean
URL Programme for the Assessment and Control of Pollution in the Mediterranean region (MED POL)

The objectives of the monitoring activities implemented as part of MED POL Phase III are:
to present periodical assessments of the state of the environment in hot spots and coastal areas (needed to provide information for decision makers on the basic environmental status of the areas which are under anthropogenic pressures);
to determine temporal trends of some selected contaminants in order to assess the effectiveness of actions and policy measures, and
to enhance the control of pollution by means of compliance to national/international regulatory limits.

- Programme for the Assessment and Control of Pollution in the Mediterranean region (MED POL)